The State Agency for Land Resources of Ukraine as a part of its competence believes that it is possible to carry out the major part of the work on the demarcation of around 1,600 kilometers of the Ukrainian-Russian border in Donetsk and Luhansk regions by late 2014.
Agency Head Serhiy Rudyk said at a briefing as a part of a phone conference of the Cabinet of Ministers in Kyiv that the proposals on the demarcation of the Ukrainian-Russian border in the said regions have been sent to the Ukrainian President and Prime Minister. “The major part of the work could have been finished by the end of this year, but a large part of the work won’t be conducted by the end of the current year,” he said. Rudyk said that the agency today has started looking for cartographers, land surveyors, including military ones who have the required experience and are ready to go to Donetsk and Luhansk regions where the armed conflict continues today, as the part of the work on the demarcation of the Ukrainian-Russian border has to be carried out on the ground.
Rudyk also said that Russia and Ukraine conducted demarcation of the border on the sections in Chernihiv and Sumy regions and partially in Kharkiv region out of five regions of Ukraine that have borders with Russia. “Russia deliberately restrained this work in Donetsk and Luhansk regions: this concerns the absence of demarcation on around 1,600 kilometers,” he said.
Rudyk said that starting from 2010 after the approval of the agreement on the demarcation of the border with Russia the joint Ukrainian-Russian commission gathered 18 times. The result of the commission’s meetings was the setting of only one boundary post on the section of the state border in Donetsk and Luhansk region while the requirement is seven boundary posts per two kilometers of border, Rudyk said.
As reported, Ukrainian lawmakers at an evening plenary meeting on June 17, 2014 adopted a resolution on measures to strengthen the level of protection of the state border. The resolution recommends that the Cabinet of Ministers immediately begin the demarcation of the land section of the state border with Russia. It is also proposed to temporarily reduce the number of operating checkpoints across the state border and step up controls at the sections of the state border with Russia and Moldova (in the areas controlled by the unrecognized Transdniestrian Moldovan Republic).
The Cabinet of Ministers was instructed to determine the number of the necessary checkpoints on the Ukrainian-Russian border. On June 19, 2014, Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Alexander Lukashevich said that Russia sees the Ukrainian authorities’ decision to hold unilateral demarcation of the Ukrainian-Russian border as nil and void and hopes that Kyiv will abandon this idea. “Consistent with international practice, demarcation of state borders is a reciprocal process between neighboring countries. Therefore, unilateral demarcation cannot be legally binding for the other side,” he said.