Russian language

Speak Russian!
Words and phrases of everyday use. Pronouns. Family. Travel words and phrases. Directions. Numbers.
Remember: English pronoun “You” translates into Russian in two ways: “Vy” as a polite form and “Ty” – familiar.

Words and phrases of everyday use

English

Russian (transliteration)

Hello!

Zd`rastvuyte (formal)

Hi!

Priviet! (informal)

Goodbye!

Da svi`daniya (formal)

Bye!

Pa’ka! (informal)

Good morning

Dobroye utro

Good afternoon

Dobryi vecher

Good evening

Dobryi vecher

Good night

Spokoinoi nochi

Yes

Da

No

Nyet

Thank you

Spa`siba

Thank you very much

Bol’shoye spa`siba

You’re welcome

Pa`zhalsta

Please

Pa`zhalsta

Excuse me

Izvi`neete

I am sorry

Izvi`neete

Okey!

Hara`sho

How are you?

Kak de`la?

Good

Hara`sho

Bad

Ploho

So-so

Tak syebe

Just a moment

Mi`noutku

I do not understand

Ya ne pani`mayu

Do you undersand?

Pani`mayesh? (informal) Pani`mayete? (formal)

How do you say this in (Ukrainian) (Russian)?

Kak vy eto skazhetye po (russki)?

Do you speak (English)? German French Spanish Italian

Vy govoritye po awngleeski? po nimyets’ki po frantsuzki po ispans’ki po ital’yans’ki

Nice to meet you

Priyatno s vami poznakomitsa

What is your name?

Kak vas za-vout?

My name is

Me`nya za`vout

Where are you from?

Otkuda Vy?

I love you!

Ya tebya lyublyu! (informal) Ya vas lyublyu! (formal or can be more romantic)

I like you!

Ti mnye nravishsya! (informal) Vy mnye nravityes’! (formal)

How old are you?

Skol’ko tyebe(informal) (vam- fromal) lyet?

How much (does it cost)?

Skol’ko eto stoit?

I want (to know)!

Ya hochu (znat’)!

I need

Mnye nuzhno

Where is a bathroom (toilet)?

Gde tut ubornaya (tualyet)

Let’s go

Poshli

I don’t have..! (time)

U menya nyet! (vremeni)

Cheers! (when drinking)

Na zdarov’ye! Za vashe zdarovye! (for your health)

I would like a beer please

Mne pa`zhalsta `piva

Do you have a menu in English?

U `vas `yest’ me`nyu na ang`liiskom?

Today

Syegodnya

Tomorrow

Zavtra

Yesterday

Vchyera

Pronouns / Interrogative Pronouns

English

Russian (transliteration)

I

Ya

You (singular)

Ty (familiar) Vy (formal)

He

On

She

Ona

It (it is)

Ono (eto)

We

My

You (plural)

Vy

They

Oni

English

Russian (transliteration)

Where?

Gde?

When?

Kogda?

Who?

Kto?

What?

Chto?

Which?

Kakoi? (m), Kakaya? (f), Kakoye? (mid)

How?

Kak?

How many (much)?

Skol’ko?

Why?

Pochemu?

What for?

Zachem?

Family

English

Russian (transliteration)

Mother

Mama (mat’)

Father

Papa (otyets)

Sister

Syestra

Brother

Brat (like broccolli)

Wife

Zhena

Husband

Mooszh

Son

Syn

Daughter

Dochka

Friend

Droog (male), pawdrooga (female)

Travel words and phrases

English

Russian (transliteration)

Map

Karta

Tourist Information

Informatsiya dlya turystov

Ticket

Beelyet

One ticket to

Adin beelyet do

Train

Poyezd

Train station

Zheleznodorozhnaya stantsiya (zhd vokzal)

Bus

Avtobus

Bus station

Avtovokzal

Bus stop

Avtobusnaya ostanovka

Metro, Subway

Metro

Departure

Otyezd

Arrival

Pritzd, pribyutiye

Departure (airplane)

Otleart (like earn)

Arrival (airplane)

Prileart (like earn)

Airport

Aeroport

Plane

Samoleart (like earn)

Hotel

Gostinitsya

Room

Komnata

No vacancies

Net svobodnykh komnat (myest)

Passport

Pasport

Quickly

Bystro

Slowly

Myedlyenno

Interesting

Intyeryesno

Post office

Pochta

Bank

Bank (like baunk)

Pharmacy, Chemists

Apteka (‘a’ like ‘awe’)

Hospital

Bol’nitsa

Restaurant

Restoran

Store, Shop

Magazin

Street

Oolitsa

Square

Ploshchad’

River

Ryechka, ryeka

Sea

More (‘e’ like ‘a’ in map)

Bridge

Most

Directions & Numbers

English

Russian (transliteration)

Right

Napravo

Left

Nalyevo

Straight

Pryamo

Up

Vverkh

Down

Vneez

Near

Vozlye, ryadom

Far

Dalyeko

Short

Korotkiy (m), korotkaya (f)

Long

Dlinnyi (m), dlinnaya (f)

There

Tam

Here

Zdes’

Under

Pod

On

Na

In

V

English

Russian (transliteration)

One

Odeen

Two

Dva

Three

Tree

Four

Chyetyree

Five

Pyat’

Six

Shest’

Seven

Syem

Eight

Vosyem

Nine

Dyevyat’

Ten

Dyesyat’

Twenty

Dvadtsat’

Fifty

Pyat’desyat

One hundred (gramms)

Sto (gram) (‘a’ like in gracias)

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