The government has supported a bill that bans the manufacture, import and sale in Ukraine of detergents containing phosphate, the Cabinet of Ministers’ press office said in a statement Thursday.
“The government has supported a bill of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine “On peculiarities of state regulation of the management of synthetic detergents and household chemical goods” that prohibits the manufacture, import and sale in Ukraine of detergents containing phosphates,” reads the report.
The document, developed based on the experience of the European Union and the United States, provides for the gradual abandoning phosphates. Their mass fraction in household cleaning products should not exceed 17% – from January 1, 2014, 10% – from January 1, 2016, 5% – from January 1, 2019, 0.7% – from January 1, 2021.
Thus, within seven years Ukraine will minimize the production and distribution of household cleaning products and detergents containing phosphate.
Experts with the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade point out that phosphates that enter the environment due to the use of synthetic detergents are one of the main causes of pollution of rivers, lakes and seas. Including those that are sources of potable water. Also, phosphates provoke the development of such a negative process as algal blooms, as a result, water reservoirs do not receive air, fish and other aquatic inhabitants die.
Furthermore, phosphates adversely affect human health. They increase the permeability of the skin and enter the body, bypassing its protective barriers. Thus, the path is opened to other harmful substances in the environment, which previously could not get to the body (for example, heavy metal salts).