At the behest of President Viktor Yanukovych, the Cabinet of Ministers has developed a plan for drafting legal acts necessary to implement the Law of Ukraine “On production and turnover of organic agricultural products and raw materials,” which had been adopted by the Verkhovna Rada on Sept. 3, 2013, the Information-Analytical Bulletin of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine informs.
The plan provides for development by central bodies of executive power of detailed regulations for production and sales of organic products and raw materials. It also specifies the frequency of state control over this type of economic activity, defines allowable amounts of inorganic substances that may be used in exceptional cases in the transition period for production of organic products, and lays out procedures for evaluation and quality criteria for land to grow organic products, rules of certification, storage and transportation, requirements for labeling of organic products.
The Cabinet is charged with development of regulations the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, which will attract competent authorities to ensure the most effective implementation of the government’s decision. This will take into account the successful experience of the European Union, where the organic production has been developing for many years.
In European countries where the consumption of organic products is growing by 10-15% annually, rules and standards of the EU and International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movement (IFOAM is the worldwide umbrella organization for the organic agriculture movement, which unites more than 750 member organizations in 108 countries) are applied.
In Ukraine, development of organic farming is very promising. Ukraine has around 8 million hectares of clean black soil, adequate agricultural labor force, low use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers.
According to IFOAM, Ukraine has great potential for production of organic agricultural products, its exports, and domestic consumption.
Prospects for the development of the organic sector in Ukraine are driven by the export appeal on the EU market, which is the second world consumer market for organic products.
According to official statistical surveys of IFOAM, Ukraine has been actively developing organic agricultural production for the last ten years. At the beginning of 2003 there were just 31 certified organic farms in Ukraine. The total area of certified organic agricultural land was 164,400 hectares. In 2012 there were already 164 certified organic farms, and they cultivated 278,800 hectares of certified organic farmland.
The share of certified organic acreage in the total agricultural land of Ukraine is about 0.7%.
Ukraine occupies the first place in the Eastern region of the certified organic arable land, specializing mainly on production of cereals, legumes, and oilseeds.
According to IFOAM, organic market in the world has grown from 17.9 billion USD in 2000 to 60 billion USD in 2012. It is expected that by 2014 the global consumption of organic products will grow by 61% to reach 97 billion USD.